THE EFFECT OF SELF-EFFICACY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE ON PROJECT-BASED LEARNING IN VOCATIONAL EDUCATION

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v10n1.p15--29

Rohmat Martanto(1*), Putu Sudira(2), Farid Mutohhari(3), Muhammad Nurtanto(4), Melinda Astuti(5)
(1) Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta
(2) Yogyakarta State University
(3) Yogyakarta State University
(4) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
(5) Yogyakarta State University
(*) Corresponding Author


This article has been read: 502 times



Abstract


Project-based learning does not only require hard skills, but requires a balance of soft skills and student self-development. This study aims to analyze how much influence self-efficacy and emotional intelligence have on the quality of product outcomes in project-based learning and analyze the determinant factors. A total of 228 vocational education students were involved in this study. Data were collected through questionnaires measuring self-efficacy and emotional intelligence, and product evaluation observation sheets. Data were analyzed using multiple linear regression analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. The results showed that self-efficacy and emotional intelligence had a significant effect on the quality of students' products. The level of experience, social skills, and quality of materials are the determinants of each variable. Various student self-development efforts to foster self-efficacy are very important to do to improve product quality. In addition to strengthening students' emotional intelligence, it is also very important to improve the quality of project-based learning outcomes.

 

Abstrak

Pembelajaran berbasis proyek tidak hanya membutuhkan keterampilan keras, tetapi membutuhkan keseimbangan soft skill dan pengembangan diri siswa. Studi ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar pengaruh self-efficacy dan kecerdasan emosional terhadap kualitas hasil produk dalam pembelajaran berbasis proyek dan menganalisis faktor penentu. Sebanyak 228 siswa pendidikan kejuruan terlibat dalam penelitian ini. Data dikumpulkan melalui kuesioner yang mengukur self-efficacy dan kecerdasan emosional, dan lembar pengamatan evaluasi produk. Data dianalisis menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda dan analisis faktor konfirmasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa self-efficacy dan kecerdasan emosional memiliki efek yang signifikan pada kualitas produk siswa. Tingkat pengalaman, keterampilan sosial, dan kualitas bahan adalah penentu dari setiap variabel. Berbagai upaya pengembangan diri siswa untuk menumbuhkan self-efficacy sangat penting dilakukan untuk meningkatkan kualitas produk. Selain memperkuat kecerdasan emosional siswa, juga sangat penting untuk meningkatkan kualitas hasil pembelajaran berbasis proyek.


Keywords


Project-Based Learning; Self-Efficacy; Emotional Intelligence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ana, A., Kustiawan, I., Ahman, E., Zakaria, S., Muktiarni, M., Dwiyanti, V., Saripudin, S., & Kahoerunnisa, I. (2020). Defining vocational teacher competencies in industry 4.0 from the perspective of policymakers. Journal of Engineering Education Transformations, 34(Special Issue), 159–167. https://doi.org/10.16920/JEET/2020/V34I0/157884

Astuti, M., Arifin, Z., Mutohhari, F., & Nurtanto, M. (2021). Competency of Digital Technology: The Maturity Levels of Teachers and Students in Vocational Education in Indonesia. Journal of Education Technology, 5(2), 254–262. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i3.35108

Bandura, A. (1995). Self-Efficacy in Changing Societies. Cambridge University Press.

Chai, C. S., & Kong, S.-C. (2017). Professional learning for 21st century education. Journal of Computers in Education, 4(1), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40692-016-0069-y

D’Angelo, A., & Presutti, M. (2019). SMEs International Growth: The Moderating Role of Experience on Entrepreneurial and Learning Orientations. International Business Review, 28(3), 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ibusrev.2018.12.006

Dogara, G., Saud, M. S. Bin, Kamin, Y. Bin, Hamid, M. Z. B. A., & Nordin, M. S. Bin. (2019). Developing soft skills through project-based learning in technical and vocational institutions. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 9(1), 2842–2847. https://doi.org/10.35940/ijeat.A9803.109119

Duckett, I., & Tatarkowski, M. (2005). Practical Strategies for Learning and Teaching on Vocational Programmes. Learning and Skills Development Agency.

Goleman, D. (2000). Emotional Intelligence. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Guo, P., Saab, N., Post, L. S., & Admiraal, W. (2020). A review of project-based learning in higher education: Student outcomes and measures. International Journal of Educational Research, 102(12), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2020.101586

Hansen, R. E. (2000). The Role and Experience in Learning: Giving Meaning and Authenticity to the Learning Process in Schools. Journal of Technology Education, 11(2), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.21061/jte.v11i2.a.2

Haryanto, H., Kusuma, W. M., Mutohhari, F., Nurtanto, M., & Suyitno, S. (2021). Innovation Media Learning: Online Project-Based Learning (O-PBL) on Drawing Competence in Automotive Engineering Using Video on YouTube. ICE-ELINVO 2021, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/2111/1/012020

Hoang, G., Le, T. T. T., Tran, A. K. T., & Du, T. (2021). Entrepreneurship education and entrepreneurial intentions of university students in Vietnam: the mediating roles of self-efficacy and learning orientation. Education and Training, 63(1), 115–133. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-05-2020-0142

Hussin, H., Jiea, P. Y., Rosly, R. N. R., & Omar, S. R. (2019). Integrated 21st century science, technology, engineering, mathematics (STEM) education through robotics project-based learning. Humanities and Social Sciences Reviews, 7(2), 204–211. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7222

Ichikawa, H., Goto, Y., Matsuda, K., & Hakur, J. (2019). Practice and Evaluation of Project Based Learning with Mixed Grade. Computer Software, 36(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.11309/jssst.36.3

Joo, Y. J., Lim, K. Y., & Lee, S. Y. (2019). Project-based learning in capstone design courses for engineering students: Factors affecting outcomes. Issues in Educational Research, 29(1), 123–129. https://doi.org/10.14742/IiER.2884

Kustyarini, K. (2020). Self efficacy and emotional quotient in mediating active learning effect on students’ learning outcome. International Journal of Instruction, 13(2), 663–676. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2020.13245a

Lizunkov, V., Politsinskaya, E., & Gazin, K. (2020). The architecture of project-based learning in the supplementary vocational education system in a higher education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(4), 227–234. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i04.11694

Made Sudana, I., Apriyani, D., & Suryanto, A. (2019). Soft Skills evaluation management in Learning processes at Vocational school. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1387(1), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1387/1/012075

Mardapi, D. (2012). Pengukuran, Penilaian, dan Evaluasi Pendidikan. Mitra Cendekia Press.

Mutohhari, F., Sudira, P., & Nurtanto, M. (2021). Automotive Engineering Drawing Learning: Effective Online Learning Using Autocad Application. Journal of Education Technology, 5(2), 214–219. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i2.33197

Nakada, A., Okada, Y., Yoshihara, A., Namiki, A., & Hiroi, N. (2017). Project-Based Learning. Journal of the Medical Society of Toho University, 16(5), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.14994/tohoigaku:2017-005

Nayak, A. S., Hiremath, N. D., Umadevi, F. M., & Garagad, V. G. (2021). A hands-on approach in teaching computer organization & architecture through project based learning. Journal of Engineering Education Transformations, 34(Special Issue), 742–746. https://doi.org/10.16920/jeet/2021/v34i0/157176

Ngereja, B., Hussein, B., & Andersen, B. (2020). Does project-based learning (PBL) promote student learning? a performance evaluation. Education Sciences, 10(11), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci10110330

Nilsook, P., Chatwattana, P., & Seechaliao, T. (2021). The Project-based Learning Management Process for Vocational and Technical Education. Higher Education Studies, 11(2), 20–29. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v11n2p20

Owens, M., & Browne, L. (2021). Camp Counselor as a Role Model for Social-Emotional Learning Skills in Camp. Journal of Outdoor Recreation, Education, and Leadership, 8(4), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.18666/jorel-2021-v13-i1-10543

Putarek, V., & Pavlin-Bernardić, N. (2019). The role of self-efficacy for self-regulated learning, achievement goals, and engagement in academic cheating. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 36(8), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10212-019-00443-7

Rodríguez, F. M. M., Clares, R. R., & Muñoz, M. R. G. (2020). Influence of Resilience, Everyday Stress, Self-Efficacy, Self-Esteem, Emotional Intelligence, And Empathy on Attitudes Toward Sexual and Gender Diversity Rights. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(17), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17176219

Sadrina, S., Mustapha, R., & Ichsan, M. (2018). The evaluation of project-based learning in Malaysia: propose a new framework for polytechnics system. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 8(2), 143–150. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v8i2.19100

Safaruddin, S., Ibrahim, N., Juhaeni, J., Harmilawati, H., & Qadrianti, L. (2020). The Effect of Project-Based Learning Assisted by Electronic Media on Learning Motivation and Science Process Skills. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 1(1), 22–29. https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v1i1.5

Setyarini, T. A., & Jannah, M. M. (2020). The Effect of Project-Based Learning Assisted PANGTUS on Creative Thinking Ability in Higher Education. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(11), 245–251. https://doi.org/10.3991/IJET.V15I11.12717

Trilling, B., & Fadel, C. (2009). 21st Century Skills: Learning for Life in Our Times. Jossey-Bass.

Tsai, M. H., Chen, K. L., & Chang, Y. L. (2019). Development of a project-based online course for BIM learning. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(20), 1–18. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205772

Tur-Porcar, A. M., Cuartero-Monteagudo, N., & Fernández-Garrido, J. (2019). Learning environments in health and medical studies: The mediating role of emotional intelligence. Sustainability (Switzerland), 11(15), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154011

Veelaert, L., Du Bois, E., Moons, I., & Karana, E. (2020). Experiential characterization of materials in product design: A literature review. In Materials and Design (Vol. 190, pp. 1–6). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2020.108543

Wahyu H, A., Fakhruddin, F., Martono, M., Khafid, M., Sahabuddin, S., & Styawan, H. (2021). Developing Learning Media Based Project Board in Electronic Materials to Improve the Analysis Capability and Skills for the Cadets of PIP Semarang. Turkish Journal of Computer and Mathematics Education (TURCOMAT), 12(6), 2686–2694. https://doi.org/10.17762/turcomat.v12i6.5769

Wan, Z. H., So, W. M. W., & Zhan, Y. (2020). Developing and Validating a Scale of STEM Project-Based Learning Experience. Research in Science Education, 8(4), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11165-020-09965-3

Yilmaz, R., Karaoglan Yilmaz, F. G., & Keser, H. (2020). Vertical versus shared e-leadership approach in online project-based learning: a comparison of self-regulated learning skills, motivation and group collaboration processes. Journal of Computing in Higher Education, 32(3), 628–654. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-020-09250-2


Article Metrics

Abstract viewed : 331 | PDF downloaded : 171

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


 

Kwangsan Indexed By

Sinta 2 (S2) Google Scholar ISJD Neliti Indonesia One SearchCrossref base-searchGarda Rujukan DigitalPKP IndexRoad # # # # # citefactor # # # # # # Zotero

Jurnal Kwangsan (e-ISSN 2622-4283 p-ISSN 2338-9184). Powered by OJS

Logo KemdikbudLIPI Ristekdikti Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Kwangsan: Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan diterbitkan oleh Balai Pengembangan Media Televisi Pendidikan (BPMTV)
Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Alamat Redaksi:
Jl. Mangkurejo, Ds. Kwangsan, Sedati - Sidoarjo.
Telp 0318911373 Fax. 0318911392
Email: jurnal.kwangsan@kemdikbud.go.id & jurnalkwangsan@dikbud.belajar.id

 

web statistics View My Stats