EKSPLORASI KESIAPAN DOSEN DAN MAHASISWA MENJALANI PEMBELAJARAN JARAK JAUH DI MASA PANDEMI COVID-19

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v9n1.p124--141

Susanti Saragih(1*), Teddy Markus(2), Peter Rhian(3), Santy Setiawan(4)
(1) Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(2) Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(3) Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(4) Universitas Kristen Maranatha
(*) Corresponding Author


This article has been read: 830 times



Abstract


The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the learning process from face-to-face to online learning. Therefore, universities are forced to prepare their learning management system’s infrastructure quickly. Students and lecturers’ readiness for e-learning are also crucial. This study aims to investigate lecturers and students’ readiness for online learning during this pandemic. Furthermore, lecturers and students’perception about the constraints and advantages of online learning were also explored in this study. Respondents in this study were 1036 students and 354 lecturers from various universities in Indonesia. Students’ readiness for online learning was measured by the Online Learning Readiness Survey/OLRS and the results showed that students in this study were ready because they had a high score of self-efficacy in technology and high learning motivation during the pandemic. Meanwhile, lecturers' readiness was measured by Teacher Readiness for Online Learning Measurement/TROLM and we found that lecturers were ready because they had a high score in communicating via computer and in self-directed learning to continue utilizing the technology. These results contribute to research related in online learning during the pandemic and provide important implications for University’s management in dealing with changes in education.


Abstrak

Pandemic COVID-19 telah mengubah proses belajar dari tatap muka menjadi belajar secara daring (pembelajaran jarak jauh/PJJ). Oleh karena itu perguruan tinggi diminta untuk mempersiapkan infrastruktur pembelajaran jarak jauh secara cepat. Kesiapan mahasiswa dan dosen dalam menjalankan PJJ pun menjadi sangat penting. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menggali kesiapan dosen dan mahasiswa menjalani PJJ selama masa pandemi. Selanjutnya, peneliti juga memetakan persepsi dosen dan mahasiswa tentang kendala dan keuntungan dalam pembelajaran secara daring. Responden penelitian ini adalah 1036 mahasiswa dan 354 dosen dari berbagai perguruan tinggi di Indonesia. Kesiapan mahasiswa mengikuti PJJ diukur dengan menggunakan Online Learning Readiness Survey/OLRS. Hasilnya adalah bahwa mahasiswa/i dalam studi ini siap menjalankan PJJ. Alasannya adalah dikarenakan mereka memiliki efikasi diri yang tinggi menggunakan teknologi dan motivasi belajar yang tetap baik di masa pandemi. Sementara itu kesiapan dosen mengajar diukur dengan menggunakan Teacher Readiness for Online Learning Measurement/TROLM. Ditemukan bahwa dosen-dosen siap menjalankan PJJ. Alasannya dikarenakan mereka memiliki efikasi diri yang tinggi berkomunikasi melalui komputer dan memiliki self-directed learning yang juga tinggi untuk terus belajar menggunakan teknologi. Di samping berkontribusi terhadap penelitian terkait PJJ di masa pandemi, hasil penelitian ini juga memberikan implikasi penting bagi pengelola perguruan tinggi dalam menghadapi perubahan pendidikan di masa yang akan datang.

 


Keywords


Online learning, Teacher Readiness, Student Readiness, Pandemic

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alea, L; Fabrea, M.; Roldan, R.; Farooqi, A. (2020). Teachers’ Covid-19 Awareness, Distance Learning Education Experiences and Perceptions towards Institutional Readiness and Challenges. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research. Vol 19, No 6, 127-144. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.19.6.8

Almazova, N; Krylova, E.; Rubtsova, A.; Odinokaya, M. (2020). Challenges and Opportunities for Russian Higher Education amid COVID-19: Teachers’ Perspective. Education Sciences. Vol. 10, 359-379. doi: 10.3390/educsci10120368

Arianto, F; Susarno, L.; Dewi, U.; Safitri, A. (2020). Model penerimaan dan pemamfaatan teknologi: e-learning di perguruan tinggi. Kwangsan. Vol. 8 (1), 110-121. http://doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v8n1.p110--121

Garrison, R.D., Anderson, T., Archer, W. (2000), Critical Inquiry a Text-Based Environment: Computer Conferencing in Higher Education. The Internet and Higher Education, Vol. 2, 87-105. doi: 10.1016/S1096-7516(00)00016-6

Giatman, M., Siswati, S., Basri, I. (2020). Online Learning Quality Control in the Pandemic Covid-19 Era in Indonesia. Journal of Nonformal Education, Vol. 6, No 2, 168-175. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15294/jne.v6i2.25594

Hung, M., Chou, C., Chen, C., & Own, Z. (2010). Learner readiness for online learning: Scale development and student perceptions. Computers and Education. Vol. 55 (3), 1080-1090. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2010.05.004

Hung M.L., (2015). Teacher Readiness for Online Learning: Scale Development and Teacher Perception. Computers and Education. Vol. 94, 120-133. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2015.11.012

Hoerunnisa, A.; Suryani, N. & Efendi, A. (2019). The Effectiveness of the usage of e-learning in multimedia classes to improve vocational students’ learning achievement and motivation. Kwangsan. Vol. 7 (2), 123-137. http://dx.doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v7n2.p123--137

Joo, Y. J., Joung, S., & Sim, W. J. (2011). Structural relationships among internal locus of control, institutional support, flow, and learner persistence in cyber universities. Computers in Human Behavior. Vol. 27, 714–722. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.09.007

Kan’an, A. dan Osman, K. (2015). The Relationship between Self-Directed Learning Skills and Science Achievement among Qatari Students. Creative Education. Vol. 6, 790-797. doi: 10.4236/ce.2015.68082.

Kusnandar, A. (2018). Pengembangan Inovasi Pembalajaran Berbasis TIK pada Sekolah di daerah 3T Papua dan Papua Barat melalui pendampingan jarak jauh. Kwangsan. Vol. 6 (2), 177-198. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v6n2.p177--198

Kim, A.K., (2013). Reflective journal assessment: The application of good feedback practice to facilitating self-directed learning. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education. Vol. 13, 255-259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2015.11.012

Larasati, C., (2019). Baru 20 Perguruan Tinggi Terapkan e-learning. https://www.medcom.id/pendidikan/news-pendidikan/8kowxwWk-baru-20-perguruan-tinggi-terapkan-e-learning. (diakses pada 2 Mei 2019).

Pyoria, P., Ojala, S., Saari, T. & Jarvinen, K. (2017). The Millennial Generation: A New Breed of Labour? SAGE Open, 1–14. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244017697158

Phan, T.T., dan Dang, T.L. (2017). Teacher Readiness for Online Teaching: A Critical Review. IJODeL, Vol. 3, No. 1.
Pusparini, S.T., Feronika, T., Bahriah, E. (2018). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa pada Materi Sistem Koloid. Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia. Vol. 8/1. doi: https://doi.org/10.21009/JRPK.081.04

Rizun, M. & Strzelecki, A. (2020). Students’ Acceptance of the COVID-19 Impact on Shifting Higher Education to Distance Learning in Poland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. Vol. 17, Iss. 18, 6468. doi:10.3390/ijerph17186468

Riswanto, A. & Aryani, S. (2017). Learning motivation and student achievement: description analysis and relationships both. The International Journal of Counseling and Education. Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 42-47. doi:10.23916/002017026010

Suana, W., Riyanda, A., Putri, N. (2019). Internet Access and Internet Self-efficacy of High School Students. Journal of Educational Science and Technology. Vol. 5., No. 2, 110-117 doi: https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v5i2.8397 doi: https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v5i2.8397

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung : Alfabeta, CV.

Shaharanee, M., Bakar, M., Nordin, H., Ibrahim, N., Jamil, J., & Ang, J. (2020). Assessing Lecturer's Readiness for Online Learning Implementation during COVID -19 Outbreak. Ilkogretim Online - Elementary Education Online. Vol. 19 (2): pp. 79-84. DOI: 10.17051/ilkonline.2020.02.109

Taipjutorus, W., Hansen, S. & Brown, M. (2012). Investigating a Relationship between Learner Control and Self-efficacy in an Online Learning Environment. Journal of Open, Flexible, and Distance Learnin. Vol. 16 (1) pp. 56-69. DOI: 10.17051/ilkonline.2020.02.109

Vaughn, S., Orr, M., & Gorman, N. (2015). Student’s Perceptions of Social Presence in an On-Line Course Using Student Presentation Software. International Journal for Innovation Education and Research, doi: 10.31686/IJIER.VOL3.ISS7.395

Yew E. H., Chung E., & Schmidt D. (2011). Is learning in problem-based learning cumulative? Advances in Health Science Education, Vol. 16, 449-464. DOI: 10.1007/s10459-010-9267-y

Yu, T. (2018). Examining construct validity of the student online learning readiness (SOLR) instrument using confirmatory factor analysis. Online Learning, Vol. 22 (4), pp. 277-288. doi:10.24059/olj.v22i4.1297


Article Metrics

Abstract viewed : 666 | PDF downloaded : 164

Copyright (c) 2021 Kwangsan: Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


 

Kwangsan Indexed By

Sinta 2 (S2) Google Scholar ISJD Neliti Indonesia One SearchCrossref base-searchGarda Rujukan DigitalPKP IndexRoad # # # # # citefactor # # # # # # Zotero

Jurnal Kwangsan (e-ISSN 2622-4283 p-ISSN 2338-9184). Powered by OJS

Logo KemdikbudLIPI Ristekdikti Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Kwangsan: Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan diterbitkan oleh Balai Pengembangan Media Televisi Pendidikan (BPMTV)
Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan

Alamat Redaksi:
Jl. Mangkurejo, Ds. Kwangsan, Sedati - Sidoarjo.
Telp 0318911373 Fax. 0318911392
Email: jurnal.kwangsan@kemdikbud.go.id

 

web statistics View My Stats