MODEL PENERIMAAN DAN PEMANFAATAN TEKNOLOGI: E-LEARNING DI PERGURUAN TINGGI

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31800/jtp.kw.v8n1.p110--121

Fajar Arianto(1*), Lamijan Hadi Susarno(2), Utari Dewi(3), Alfi Fatimatus Safitri(4)
(1) Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(2) Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(3) Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(4) Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Negeri Surabaya
(*) Corresponding Author


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Abstract


E-learning is a kind of learning by utilizing information and communication technology. The success of using e-learning influenced by various factors. Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) is a model developed by Davis (1989) that is used to find out the acceptance and use of technology. The purpose of TAM is to explain the determinants of computer acceptance in general, which can explain user behavior in various computing technologies of end-users and user populations, saving time and theoretically justified. This model aims to predict and explain the factors that need to be corrected. This study focused on six variables, namely the perception of use, the perception of ease, attitude, and behavior. The analysis technique used to analyze data was SEM (Structural Equation Model) analysis. The research subjects were 262 students. The results of this study were (1) perception of use had a strong effect on the attitude of the use of e-learning, (2) perception of ease had a strong effect on the attitude of the use of e-learning, (3) perception of use had a moderate effect on the behavior of the use of e-learning, (4) perception of ease had a moderate effect on e-learning usage behavior, and (5) strong e-learning attitude toward e-learning behavior. The use of e-learning must pay attention to the user's attitude towards the technology used and the user's perception of the ease of use.

 

Abstrak

E-learning merupakan pembelajaran dengan memanfaatkan teknologi onformasi dan komunikasi. Keberhasilan dalam penggunaan e-learnig dipengaruhi berbagai faktor. Teknologi Acceptance Model (TAM) merupakan model yang dikembangkan oleh Davis (1989) yang digunakan untuk mengetahui mengetahui penerimaan dan penggunaan pemenfaatan teknologi. Tujuan dari TAM adalah untuk memberikan penjelasan tentang faktor-faktor penentu penerimaan komputer secara umum, mampu menjelaskan perilaku pengguna di berbagai teknologi komputasi pengguna akhir dan populasi pengguna, hemat waktu dan secara teoritis dibenarkan. Model ini bertujuan untuk memprediksi dan menjelaskan faktor-faktor yang perlu diperbaiki. Pada penelitian ini memfokuskan pada enam variabel, yaitu persepsi penggunaan, persepsi kemudahan, sikap, dan perilaku. Teknik analisa yang dipergunakan untuk menganalisis data adalah analisis SEM (Structural Equation Model). Subjek penelitain berjumlah 262 mahasiswa. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah (1) persepsi penggunaan berpengaruh yang kuat terhadap sikap penggunaan e-learning, (2) persepsi Kemudahan berpengaruh yang kuat terhadap sikap penggunaan e-learning, (3) persepsi Penggunaan berpengaruh yang sedang terhadap perilaku penggunaan e-learning, (4) persepsi Kemudahan berpengaruh yang sedang terhadap perilaku penggunaan e-learning, dan (5) sikap penggunaan e-learning yang kuat terhadap perilaku penggunaan e-learning. Penggunaan e-learning harus memperhatikan sikap pengguna terhadap teknologi yang digunakan dan persepsi pengguna terhadap kemudahan penggunaan.

 


Keywords


techology acceptence model e-Learning; higher education; perguruan tinggi

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